|Fort Pickens in 1861, by an Officer.|
Januarhy 20, 1861
It was a rainy month at Pensacola Bay, as Lieutenant Adam J. Slemmer and his force of fewer than 100 men from the U.S. Army and Navy continued to hold Fort Pickens in the face of a growing force of state militia from Florida and Alabama commanded by Colonel William H. Chase.
Chase had demanded the surrender of the fort three times, but Slemmer had also refused three times. On January 20, 1861 - 150 years ago today - he continued the work of mounting heavy artillery for the fort's defense: