Tuesday, February 3, 2009
The Advanced Redoubt of Fort Barrancas
This fascinating old brick structure was begun in 1845 as the last of four major forts built by the United States to defend Pensacola Bay from foreign attack.
Unlike the other three forts (Fort Pickens, Fort McRee and Fort Barrancas), the Advanced Redoubt (also called Fort Redoubt) does not command a view of the bay. Instead it was built to defend the land approaches to Fort Barrancas and the Pensacola Navy Yard. The two mainland installations were vulnerable to land attack, a deficiency solved by the construction of the Advanced Redoubt.
Occupied by Confederate forces in 1861, the fort did not play a significant role in their operations as they were never threatened by a land assault. After Southern troops withdrew in 1862, however, Union forces occupied the fort and used it to defend their large camps at Fort Barrancas.
The Advanced Redoubt is now preserved as part of Gulf Islands National Seashore. Located just up the street from Fort Barrancas and the National Museum of Naval Aviation, the fort's grounds are open on a daily basis. It is located on board the Pensacola Naval Air Station. Gate personnel there can direct you to the fort.
For more information, please visit www.exploresouthernhistory.com/redoubt1.