Friday, January 25, 2008

The Calhoun County War, Part Four

For the last several days, I've been posting about the little known "Calhoun County War" of 1860. If you are new to the blog or haven't checked in lately, you can browse down the page to read the other posts first.

Some interesting insights to the events that took place in Calhoun County in 1860 can be found in the letters of Matilda Dunham, a 22 year old teacher from St. Augustine who had been hired by Judge McIntosh to tutor his children. She resided with the McIntosh family at West Wynnton and witnessed the events there first hand:

The Regulators, 75 in number, are a set of lawless men who have taken the law (as they style it) into their own hands, threaten to kill everyone in Calhoun County, except fifteen. Who are the 15? No one knows. The camp is about 6 miles from Wynnton and they have scouts out at all times.

By the morning of October 2nd, the militia was forming in Marianna and preparing to march south. The editor of the local newspaper described the situation and termed the Regulators a "band of outlaws" that was "creating confusion and terror among the good citizens." He went on to explain that "outrageous and unlawful acts" had been perpetrated in Calhoun County and that the violence had spilled across the border into Jackson County.

The militia marched from Marianna on the morning of October 4, 1860. The exact number of men taking part in the campaign is not known, but surviving records indicate that the force consisted of the 1st Brigade. Companies from Jackson, Washington and Gadsden Counties are known to have participated, all under the command of state Brigadier General William E. Anderson.

The troops pushed into Calhoun County and marched to Judge McIntosh's home at West Wynnton, which was converted to a military headquarters. The soldiers camped in the plantation buildings and on the grounds.

1 comment:

Scott aka Florida Native Musings said...

Interesting read on the War in Calhoun County. Have to say I have never heard of it growing up there. My parents live in Btown so I know the area of Abe Springs, but never heard of the Judges Place south of Btown. What a wild country it was back then and now.